(From the text of the Guarantor)
Cookies are small text strings that the sites visited by the user send to their terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit by the same user. While browsing a site, the user can also receive cookies on his terminal that are sent from different sites or web servers (so-called “third parties”), on which some elements may reside (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains) present on the site that the same is visiting.
Cookies, usually present in users’ browsers in very large numbers and sometimes even with characteristics of wide temporal persistence, are used for different purposes: execution of computer authentication, session monitoring, storage of information on specific configurations concerning users who access the server, etc.
In order to arrive at a correct regulation of these devices, it is necessary to distinguish them since there are no technical characteristics that differentiate them from each other precisely on the basis of the purposes pursued by those who use them. Moreover, the same legislator has moved in this direction, which, in implementation of the provisions contained in Directive 2009/136 / EC, has brought back the obligation to acquire the prior and informed consent of users for the installation of cookies used for purposes other than purely technical ones (see art. 1, paragraph 5, letter a), of Legislative Decree no. lgs. May 28, 2012, n. 69, which amended art. 122 of the Code).
In this regard, and for the purposes of this provision, two macro-categories are therefore identified: “technical” cookies and “profiling” cookies.
a. Technical cookies.
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service “(see Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functionality cookies, which allow the user to browse according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service provided.
The prior consent of users is not required for the installation of these cookies, while the obligation to provide information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, which the site manager, if he uses only such devices, will be able to provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
b. Profiling cookies.
Profiling cookies are designed to create user profiles and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the user in the context of surfing the net. Due to the particular invasiveness that such devices may have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed about their use and thus express their valid consent.
They are referred to in art. 122 of the Code where it provides that “the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already stored is permitted only on condition that the contractor or user has given their consent after being was informed with the simplified procedures referred to in article 13, paragraph 3 “(article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
Duration of cookies
The cookies used by this site terminate their validity at the end of the session or after a user inactivity time set by the server.
Third party technical cookies
The site uses the Google Analytics service which instantiates technical analytics cookies used to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site. This information is used for the purpose of continuous improvement of functionality, organization of content, support of the various platforms and browsers.
In general, the user can still decide whether or not to accept cookies using the settings on their browser. Below are the references to the instructions for disabling cookies in the most popular browsers, made available by the related support services:
The setting can be defined specifically for the different websites and web applications. To disable only Google Analytics cookies, you can proceed as per the instructions provided by the Google support service:
- Browser add-on for deactivating Google Analytics